1.9 — Arbor natus in paradiso

NotationDate10th c. 2nd half
NotesA German notation with a generally more upright axis than used in St Gall scripts. There is, nevertheless, variation from a near horizontal to near diagonal axis in the drawing of several forms, especially the liquescent virga (or ''2b'', compare the forms in line 3), pes (or 2a, compare forms in lines 2 and 3) and clivis (or 2b, compare forms in lines 3 and 4). Individual strokes are not always cleanly executed, witness the penultimate and fifth neume in the third line, but there is attention to detail in the consistency with which liquescences are signaled.
''2b'', ''2b'', 1a, 2b, ''2b'', 2b, 1a, 2b, 1a, 2b, 1a, ''2b'', 2a, 3a'', 1a | ''2b'', 1a, 2a, 2V, 2a, ''2b'', 1a, 2b, 1a, ''2b'', 1a, 1a, ''2b'', 3a'', 1a | ''2b'', 1a, ''2b'', 4c, 2a, 2b, 1a, ''2b'', 1a | 2b, 4e, 2b, 4e, 2b, 1a, ''2b'', 4e, 2b
MelodyThe cadences in the first two lines, both within the line (at pa-radiso and gustavit), and at the ends of the line (at si-casset and consum-mavit) are similar in profile: it is possible that the same melodic shape was adapted for the first two lines. The fourth line is more consistently melismatic than those preceding.
As discussed by Vitali, the single notated strophe follows the rubric Alleluia in natale apostolorum and is itself followed by a notated Alleluia
with Verse appropriate to the dies apostolorum (29 June) i.e. Iam non estis ospites. The notated melody for the Alleluia and Verse follows the version edited from a twelfth-century German Gradual in Schlager’s catalogue of Alleluia melodies (Monumenta monodica VII, 252-3). The relation between Arbor natus and the Alleluia is not entirely clear. The rhythmical strophe is preceded by an A, presumably for antiphona, which in view of the lack of any introductory formula would appear to rule out any notion that the strophe was an introductory Alleluia trope. One possibility is that the strophe was sung as a processional antiphon and was followed by the Alleluia and Verse. The singing of Arbor natus in this context could be justified in terms of function, although there is no obvious thematic relation to the dies apostolorum. Here Vitali’s observation that Adam and Eve are invoked in a further ritmus (Schaller-Könsgen, 1362) concerning the lament of a wife abandoned by her husband, which is in this case the Apostle Peter, and that similar words to those are found in the second strophe of Arbor natus might well be significant. That the explicit association is through words quoted in the second strophe of Arbor natus, could also be taken to imply that more than one strophe was sung on the dies apostolorum: seven abecedary strophes are transmitted in the only other record of this poem, which remained unnotated.